# Test the claim that more than half of all voters prefer the Democrat.

A poll of 1,068 adult Americans reveals that 52% of the voters surveyed prefer the Democratic candidate for the presidency. At the 0.05 significance level, test the claim that more than half of all voters prefer the Democrat.

 A. Reject the null hypothesis. Conclude that there is insufficient evidence that more than half of all voters prefer Democrats. B. Do not reject the null hypothesis. Conclude that there is sufficient evidence that more than half of all voters prefer Democrats. C. Reject the null hypothesis. Conclude that there is sufficient evidence that more than half of all voters prefer Democrats. D. Do not reject the null hypothesis. Conclude that there is insufficient evidence that more than half of all voters prefer Democrats.

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The owner of a football team claims that the average attendance at home games is over 4000, and he is therefore justified in moving the team to a city with a larger stadium. Assume that a hypothesis test of the claim has been conducted and that the conclusion of the test was to reject the null hypothesis. Identify the population to which the results of the test apply.

 A. All games played by the team in question in which the attendance is over 4000 B. All future home games to be played by the team in question C. All home games played by the team in question D. None of the populations given are appropriate

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In 1990, the average duration of long-distance telephone calls originating in one town was 9.4 minutes. A long-distance telephone company wants to perform a hypothesis test to determine whether the average duration of long-distance phone calls has changed from the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes. The mean duration for a random sample of 50 calls originating in the town was 8.6 minutes. Does the data provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean call duration, µ, is different from the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes? Perform the appropriate hypothesis test using a significance level of 0.01. Assume that s = 4.8 minutes.

 A. With a z of -1.2 there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean value has changed from the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes. B. With a P-value of 0.2302 there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean value is less than the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes. C. With a P-value of 0.2302 there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean value is less than the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes. D. With a z of –1.2 there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean value has changed from the 1990 mean of 9.4 minutes.

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A researcher wants to check the claim that convicted burglars spend an average of 18.7 months in jail. She takes a random sample of 35 such cases from court files and finds that  months. Assume that the population standard deviation is 7 months. Test the null hypothesis that µ = 18.7 at the 0.05 significance level.

 A.Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the claim that the mean is different from 18.7 months is supported. B.Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the claim that the mean is different from 18.7 months cannot be supported. C.Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the claim that the mean is different from 18.7 months is supported. D.Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the claim that the mean is different from 18.7 months cannot be supported.

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What’s This?

A researcher claims that the amounts of acetaminophen in a certain brand of cold tablets have a mean different from the 600 mg claimed by the manufacturer. Test this claim at the 0.02 level of significance. The mean acetaminophen content for a random sample of n = 41 tablets is 603.3 mg. Assume that the population standard deviation is 4.9 mg.

 A. Since the test statistic is greater than the critical z, there is sufficient evidence to accept the null hypothesis and to support the claim that the mean content of acetaminophen is 600 mg. B. Since the test statistic is greater than the critical z, there is sufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis and to support the claim that the mean content of acetaminophen is not 600 mg. C. Since the test statistic is less than the critical z, there is sufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis and to support the claim that the mean content of acetaminophen is not 600 mg. D. Since the test statistic is greater than the critical z, there is insufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis and to support the claim that the mean content of acetaminophen is not 600 mg.

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A long-distance telephone company claims that the mean duration of long-distance telephone calls originating in one town was greater than 9.4 minutes, which is the average for the state. Determine the conclusion of the hypothesis test assuming that the results of the sampling do not lead to rejection of the null hypothesis.

 A. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is less than 9.4 minutes. B. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is greater than 9.4 minutes. C. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is equal to 9.4 minutes. D. Conclusion: Do not support the claim that the mean is greater than 9.4 minutes.

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A psychologist claims that more than 29 percent of the professional population suffers from problems due to extreme shyness. Assuming that a hypothesis test of the claim has been conducted and that the conclusion is failure to reject the null hypothesis, state the conclusion in non-technical terms.

 A. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that the true proportion is less than 29 percent. B. There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that the true proportion is greater than 29 percent. C. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that the true proportion is equal to 29 percent. D. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that the true proportion is greater than 29 percent.

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The principal of a middle school claims that annual incomes of the families of the seventh-graders at his school vary more than the annual incomes of the families of the seventh-graders at a neighboring school, which have variation described by s = \$13,700. Assume that a hypothesis test of the claim has been conducted and that the conclusion of the test was to reject the null hypothesis. Identify the population to which the results of the test apply.

 A. The current seventh graders at the principal’s school B. Seventh graders’ families at the school with a standard deviation of \$13,700 C. All of the families of the class of seventh graders at the principal’s school D. All seventh graders’ families

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The owner of a football team claims that the average attendance at home games is over 3000, and he is therefore justified in moving the team to a city with a larger stadium. Assuming that a hypothesis test of the claim has been conducted and that the conclusion is failure to reject the null hypothesis, state the conclusion in non-technical terms.

 A. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean attendance is greater than 3000. B. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean attendance is equal to 3000. C. There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean attendance is greater than 3000. D. There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean attendance is less than 3000.

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A consumer advocacy group claims that the mean amount of juice in a 16 ounce bottled drink is not 16 ounces, as stated by the bottler. Determine the conclusion of the hypothesis test assuming that the results of the sampling lead to rejection of the null hypothesis.

 A. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is equal to 16 ounces. B. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is greater than 16 ounces. C. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is not equal to 16 ounces. D. Conclusion: Support the claim that the mean is less than 16 ounces.

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In 1990, the average duration of long-distance telephone calls originating in one town was 9.3 minutes. A long-distance telephone company wants to perform a hypothesis test to determine whether the average duration of long-distance phone calls has changed from the 1990 mean of 9.3 minutes. Formulate the null and alternative hypotheses for the study described.

 A.Ho: µ = 9.3 minutes     H a : µ < 9.3 minutes B.Ho: µ = 9.3 minutes     H a : µ > 9.3 minutes C.Ho: µ = 9.3 minutes      H a : µ ¹ 9.3 minutes D.Ho: µ ¹ 9.3 minutes     H a : µ = 9.3 minutes

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A supplier of DVDs claims that no more than 1% of the DVDs are defective. In a random sample of 600 DVDs, it is found that 3% are defective, but the supplier claims that this is only a sample fluctuation. At the 0.01 level of significance, test the supplier’s claim that no more than 1% are defective.

 A. Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is evidence to support the claim that more than 1% of the DVDs are defective. B. Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is insufficient evidence to support the claim that more than 1% of the DVDs are defective. C. Do not reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is insufficient evidence to support the claim that more than 1% of the DVDs are defective. D. Reject the null hypothesis and conclude that there is sufficient evidence to support the claim that more than 1% of the DVDs are defective.

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 Part 1 of 2 –

A study of a brand of “in the shell peanuts” gives the following results:

A significant event at the 0.01 level is a fan getting a bag with how many peanuts?

 A. 30 peanuts B. 25 or 30 peanuts C. 25 or 55 peanuts D. 25 peanuts

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without computing a P-value, determine whether the alternate hypothesis is supported and give a reason for your conclusion.

 A.is less than 1 standard deviation above the claimed mean. B.is more than 4 standard deviations above the claimed mean. C.is less than 1 standard deviation above the claimed mean. D.is more than 4 standard deviations above the claimed mean.

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A right-tailed test is conducted at the 5% significance level. Which of the following z-scores is the smallest one in absolute value that leads to rejection of the null hypothesis?

 A. 1.61 B. 1.85 C. -1.98 D. -2.06

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What’s This?

 Part 1 of 2 –

In the past, the mean running time for a certain type of flashlight battery has been 9.8 hours. The manufacturer has introduced a change in the production method and wants to perform a hypothesis test to determine whether the mean running time has increased as a result. The hypotheses are:

H0 : µ  = 9.8 hours

Ha : µ  > 9.8 hours

Suppose that the results of the sampling lead to rejection of the null hypothesis. Classify that conclusion as a Type I error, a Type II error, or a correct decision, if in fact the mean running time has not increased.

 A. Type I error B. Type II error C. Correct decision D. Can not be determined from this information

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What’s This?

A two-tailed test is conducted at the 5% significance level. Which of the z-scores below is the smallest one that leads to rejection of the null hypothesis?

 A. 1.12 B. 1.48 C. 1.84 D. 2.15

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What’s This?

A two-tailed test is conducted at the 0.10 significance level. What is the P-value required to reject the null hypothesis?

 A. Greater than or equal to .010 B. Greater than or equal to 0.05 C. Less than or equal to 0.10 D. Less than or equal to 0.05

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What’s This?

A psychologist claims that more than 19 percent of the population suffers from professional problems due to extreme shyness. Assume that a hypothesis test of the claim has been conducted and that the conclusion of the test was to reject the null hypothesis. Identify the population to which the results of the test apply.

 A. The population is all shy workers. B. The population cannot be identified from the description of the study. C. The population is all American workers. D. The population is all American professional workers (doctors, lawyers, CPA’s, and the like..

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What’s This?

A manufacturer claims that the mean amount of juice in its 16 ounce bottles is 16.1 ounces. A consumer advocacy group wants to perform a hypothesis test to determine whether the mean amount is actually less than this. The mean volume of juice for a random sample of 70 bottles was 15.94 ounces. Do the data provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean amount of juice for all 16-ounce bottles, µ, is less than 16.1 ounces? Perform the appropriate hypothesis test using a significance level of 0.10. Assume that s = 0.9 ounces.

 A.The z of – 1.49 provides sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean amount of juice is less than 16.1 oz. B.The z of – 1.49 does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean amount of juice is less than 16.1 oz. C.The z of – 0.1778 does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean amount of juice is less than 16.1 oz. D.The z of – 0.1778 provides sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean amount of juice is less than 16.1 oz.

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