How does John Rawls’ Theory of Justice carry forward the modern social contract theory while also drawing on Kant?
This is an open-book essay exam. Please answer both questions in essay form.
You are expected to provide two short essays demonstrating specific understanding of the theorists and concepts we have studied.
Your essay should be at least the equivalent of one double-spaced page and no more than two double-spaces pages.
1) With Locke, Rousseau and Kant, we come across the idea of reason as having a moral component. This is often identified as “moral reason.” How does reason and moral virtue in the political among Ancient Greeks appear in the moral reason and political thought of *one* of these thinkers: Locke, Rousseau or Kant? (Choose one)
2) How does John Rawls’ Theory of Justice carry forward the modern social contract theory while also drawing on Kant?
Please be specific. In your response, use at least two of the following concepts: public reason, original position, veil of ignorance, primary goods, universal moral standards, liberty, moral autonomy, comprehensive background and overlapping consensus.