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Write about a development project that has been initiated in any city in the global South in order to “improve” the city

Content of the term paper (or What should the paper be about?): For the term paper the student should write about a development project that has been initiated in any city in the global South in order to “improve” the city. The student is expected to write a critical /analytical essay on this development project. In other words, the final term paper should not simply be an empirical account of the student’s chosen development project. Rather the paper (in addition to providing empirical details about the development project such as when it was initiated, who initiated the project, the major stakeholders of the project, the objectives and outcome of the project, the target population of the development project) should attempt to analyze the development initiatives using theoretical insights and concepts learned in the class.

In order to write a good paper begin by reading broadly about your chosen urban development project, then, define an appropriate research question (this is critical), conduct effective focused research that will answer your research question and communicate results in good writing.

Length and structure of the final term paper proposal: 2 page outline that lists your chosen development project, a list of potential academic papers and reports that will used in the paper, identify concepts and/or theoretical insights from class that will used to critically evaluate the project. Argument/ thesis.

Use Course readings to identify and link concepts and insights to create a strong argument/thesis.

*This is a grade 12 bridging course to university, it should be at university level as a professor will be marking it.

Writing resources:
• William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. (New York: Macmillan, 1959)
• Joseph M. Williams. Style: Ten Lessons in Clarity and Grace. (Glenview, IL, Boston, and London: Scott, Foresman & Company, 1989)
• Kate L. Turabian. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Sixth Edition (or later)

Class Materials and Course

Weekly Schedule
Week 1 September 3
Introduction: Urban Imaginaries (“Global Cities” vs. “Mega Cities”)
• Sassen S (2001) Overview. In The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo (pp 3-15). Princeton University Press
• Davis M (2004) Planet of the Slums: Urban Involution and the Informal Proletariat. New Left Review 26 (March): 5-34

Week 2 September 10
Colonialism, Development and Cities
• Robinson J (2002) Global and world cities: A View from off the map. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 26(3): 531-554
• Gandy M (2006) Planning, anti-planning and the infrastructure crisis facing metropolitan Lagos. Urban Studies 43(2): 371-396
• King A D (2006[1991]) Building, architecture and the new international division of labor. In Brenner, N and Keil, R eds Global Cities Reader New York: Routledge
• Dawson A and Edwards B (2004) Introduction: global cities of the South. Social Text 22(4): 1-7

Week 3 September 17
Postcolonial States and Modernist Cities: Brasilia
• Holston J (1989) Excerpts from The Modernist City: An anthropological Critique of Brasilia. Chicago: University of Chicago

• Prakash G (2002) The urban turn. In The Sarai Reader 2002: The Cities of Everyday Life (pp 2-7). New Delhi: CSDS + The Society for Old & New Media Kalia R (1987) Excerpts from Chandigarh: In Search of an Identity. New Delhi: Oxford
• Scott J (1998) The high-modernist city: an experiment and a critique. In Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press (pp 103-146)

Week 4 September 24
The Project of Development
• Truman H (1949) Inaugural Address. URL:
• Escobar A (1995) Introduction: development and the anthropology of modernity. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University Press (pp. 3-54)**
• Mitchell T (2003) The object of development. In Rule of Experts: Egypt, Technopolitics, Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press (pp.209-243)

Week 5 October 1
Development and its Discontents**
• Rankin, K (2002) Social capital, microfinance and the politics of development. Journal of Feminist Economics 8(1): 1-24.
• Cooke B and Kothari U (eds.), Participation: the New Tyranny. London: Zed Books Selected chapters
• Rodrik D (2006) Goodbye Washington consensus, hello Washington confusion? A review of the World Bank’s economic growth in the 1990s: Learning from a decade of reform. Journal of Economic Literature 44(4) (December): 973-987.

Week 6 October 8
Urban Informality
Bayat A (1997) Uncivil Society: the politics of the “informal people”. Third World Quarterly 18:53-72
Waibel M and McFarlane C (2012) Excerpts from Urban Informalities: Reflections on the Formal and the Informal. Surrey: Ashgate **
Sanyal K (2007) Excerpts from Rethinking Capitalist Development: Primitive Accumulation, Governmentality and Post­colonial Capitalism. New Delhi: Routledge**
Elyachar, Julia. 2002. ‘Empowerment Money: The World Bank, Non-Governmental Organizations and The Value of Culture’, Public Culture 14(3): 493-513.
Selections from Roy A and AlSayyad N (eds) Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America and South Asia.

Week 7 October 22
Midterm Exam

Week 8 October 29
Gendered Geography of Urban Migration and Work
• Cravey A (1998) Excerpts from Women and Work in Mexico’s Maquiladoras. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
• Wright M (2001) Feminine villains, masculine heroes and the reproduction of Ciudad Juárez. Social Text 19(4): 93-114.
• Parrenas R (2001) Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration and Domestic Work Stanford: Stanford University Press

Week 9 November 5
Housing and the Politics of Squatting
• Appadurai A (2002) “Deep Democracy: Urban Governmentality and the Horizon of Politics” Public Culture 14(1): 21-47
• Anand N & Rademacher A (2011) Housing in the Urban Age: Inequality and Aspiration in Mumbai Antipode 43 (5): 1748-1772
Roy A (2005) “Urban Informality: Toward an Epistemology of Planning” Journal of the American Planning Association 71(2): 147 – 158

Week 10 November 12
Municipal Water Reforms
Goldman M (2007) How “Water for all!” policy became hegemonic: The power of the World Bank and its transnational policy networks. Geoforum 38(5): 786-800
Bakker K (2007) Trickle down? Private sector participation and the pro-poor water supply debate in Jakarta, Indonesia. Geoforum. 38(5): 855 – 868
• Bakker K (2007) The commons versus the commodity: ‘Alter’-globalization, privatization, and the human right to water in the global South. Antipode 39(3), 430 – 455.

Week 11 November 19
Waste, Modernity and Capitalist Urbanization
Chakrabarty D (2002) Of garbage, modernity and the citizens gaze. In Chakrabarty, D Habitation of Modernity: Essays in the Wake of Subaltern Studies Chicago: University of Chicago Press (pp 65-79)
Miraftab F (2004) Neoliberalism and casualization of public sector services: The case of waste collection services in Cape Town, South Africa. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 28(4): 874-892
Herod A and Aguiar L M (2006) Introduction: Cleaners and the dirty work of neoliberalism. Antipode 38(3): 425-434
Herod A and Aguiar L M (2006) Introduction: Ethnographies of the cleaning body. Antipode 38(3): 530-533

Week 12 November 26
Illegal City and New Spaces of Enclosure**
• Vasudevan A et. al. (2008) Spaces of enclosure. Geoforum 39:1641–1646
• Bhan G (2009) “This is no longer the city I knew”: Evictions, the urban poor and right to millennial Delhi. Environment and Urbanization 21(1): 127-142
• Liang L (2005) Porous legalities and avenues of participation. Sarai Reader: Bare Acts New Delhi: Sarai CSDS (pp.7-18)

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