You are required to answer all five (5) of the questions. Although there is no set word limit for these essay questions,you will be graded on your knowledge of the material and the detail with which you write your answers. You should take care to cite your sources in APA format and provide full references in a Works Cited list.
1. Modern astronomy basically begins with the re-emergence of the
heliocentric view of the universe by Copernicus. Who were the four other
major contributors to the development of modern astronomy after Copernicus?
Explain what those contributions were. Finally, why did it take so long for
the geocentric view of the universe to be overthrown and what does that tell
us about scientific research and our society, even today?
2. Explain the relationship of geography to other scientific disciplines.
What is a good definition for geography or the geosciences in general? What
are the strengths and weaknesses of geography as a discipline and how do you
think that has influenced its development, or lack thereof?
3. Weather and climate are separate, but related, terms. Provide a
definition of each and then give an example of a concept related to both
weather and climate. Additionally, since they are important issues when
dealing with the subject of climate today, what is the greenhouse effect and
global warming? Are they the same thing? If not, how are they different?
What influence would global warming have on “nature” and our lives?
4. Explain the pressure gradient force, the Coriolis Effect and the
frictional force and their effects on the direction and speed of air at the
surface and aloft in the atmosphere. Describe the wind and pressure systems
(surface and aloft) that exist in the zone from the Equator to the North
Pole in the Northern Hemisphere. There is a close relationship between
atmospheric pressure patterns, wind zones and precipitation patterns. The
global map of total annual rainfall shows great differences in precipitation
received from place to place. Using at least 3 reasons, explain why this is
5. Compare/contrast the Mediterranean (Csa) climate found along the coast of
southern California and the humid subtropical (Cfa) climate found in South
Carolina. Considering that comparison, also explain why the western United
States has dramatically different climates from the eastern United States.
An important consideration when considering climate and climatic change
today is the role of El Nino. Explain the ocean/atmosphere changes that
take during an El Nino/ENSO cycle and the effects these changes have on our
lives and societies.