On You Tube watch the lecture from the MET Museum : “Water Works: Bernini on Piazza Navona”
www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJ7JbL1QdNU roughly 34 minutes. The fountain is also illustrated in the textbook on pp. 556-57.
Read in Gardner’s Art through the Ages Chapter 19 pages 556-576 on Bernini and pages 566-576 on Annibale Carracci and Caravaggio. In Chapter 20 read pages 582-585 on Still Life paintings and War and Trade, pp. 590-591 on the Dutch Republic and Middle Class Patronage and the Art Market in the Dutch Republic, pp. 597-598 on landscape, Cuyp and van Ruisdael, and p. 600 on Jan Steen, and p.601 on Willem Kalf.
Answer the following Questions in short paragraph form.
1 a. What are two important innovations in the style of Caravaggio’s religious works such as
“Conversion of St. Paul” (fig. 19-18) ?
b. How can these innovations be seen as contributing to a more dramatic narrative scene?
c. To what degree have modern film directors used Caravaggio’s techniques for dramatic
2. a. From the lecture presentation, “Water Works: Bernini on Piazza Navona,” what was
Bernini’s reputation? and his impact on the city of Rome?
b. What were some the organizational and logistical aspects of designing this large public
sculpture? How were the financial documents useful to the art historians?
c. How did Bernini maintain control of his unique design with so many assistants involved?
d. What was the meaning of the imagery of the fountain? Point out the symbolism of the
travertine base or grotto, the obelisk, and the marble figures?
3. a. What was the impact of trade and new economic opportunities on relationship between
patrons and artists in the Dutch Republic during the 17th century?
b. Who were the new patrons and where might they buy art?
c. Using Pieter Claesz’ Vanitas Still Life(fig. 20-1) and Willem Kalf’s Still Life with Late Ming
Ginger Jar (fig. 20-22) as examples, discuss how still-life paintings celebrated both the new
wealth of the Dutch Republic and the traditional moral values of these new patrons.
4. Genre scenes or scenes of everyday life became popular subjects in the Baroque period.
a. What is the mood of Jan Steen’s scene, Feast of St. Nicholas (fig. 20-21)? and how does the
painter convey the mood?
b. What is the moral message of the painting?
5. Landscape painting became another popular subject throughout 17th Europe.
Compare and contrast Annibale Carracci’s Flight into Egypt (fig. 19-15) with Jacob van
Ruisdael’s View of Haarlem from the Dunes of Overveen, (fig. 20-18) and in terms of:
a. the subject of the landscape painting b. spatial organization: Where is the horizon line?
and how does each artist organize the space of the foreground, middle ground, background?
c. how does each artist use light?
please number each question and by letter as you see in the directions. thank you very much