This is related to question 1, but rather than looking at a dialect spoken in the UK you should
focus on the grammar of Hong Kong English. Describing the grammar of this variety as whole
will be too much, so you should concentrate on a number of features and describe them in some
detail. The basis of your essay may be existing descriptions of Hong Kong English grammar, e.g
Gisborne (2000/2002, 2009), Wong (2009). In addition to using these scholarly works, you may
wish to devise a questionnaire related to the features youre interested in, and distribute this
among your friends and family. If you do, please bear in mind that in order to get reliable results
you need at least 30 participants.
If you prefer to work not on Hong Kong English but on some other regional variety, you
may adapt this question for that variety as well. For work on various British English dialects see
e.g. Beal & Corrigan (2002, 2005), Hollmann (2013a), Hollmann & Siewierska (2006, 2007,
2011), , Hughes et al. (2005), Kortmann (2004), Kortmann et al. (2005), Milroy & Milroy (1993),
Siewierska & Hollmann (2007), Tagliamonte (1998), Tagliamonte & Lawrence (2000), Trudgill
and Chambers (1991).
Gisborne, Nikolas. 2000. Relative clauses in Hong Kong English. World Englishes 19:357-371.
Gisborne, Nikolas. 2002. Relative clauses in Hong Kong English. In Kingsley Bolton, ed., Hong Kong English: autonomy
and creativity, 141-160. Hong Kong University Press. (Reprint of 2000 World Englishes paper.)
Gisborne, Nikolas. 2009. Aspects of the morphosyntactic typology of Hong Kong English. English World Wide 30:149-
Hollmann, Willem B. 2012. Word classes: towards a more comprehensive usage-based account. Studies in Language
Hollmann, Willem B. 2013a. Constructions in cognitive sociolinguistics. In Thomas Hoffmann and Graeme Trousdale
(eds.), The Oxford handbook of construction grammar, 491-509. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hollmann, Willem B. 2013b. Nouns and verbs in Cognitive Grammar: where is the sound evidence? Cognitive
Hollmann, Willem B. & Anna Siewierska. 2006. Corpora and (the need for) other methods in a study of Lancashire dialect.
Zeitschrift fr Anglistik und Amerikanistik 54:203-216. available for download from my personal web page
Hollmann, Willem B. & Anna Siewierska. 2007. A construction grammar account of possessive constructions in
Lancashire dialect: some advantages and challenges. English Language and Linguistics 11:407-424. available for
download from my personal web page
Hollmann, Willem B. & Anna Siewierska. 2011. The status of frequency, schemas, and identity in Cognitive
Sociolinguistics: A case study on definite article reduction. Cognitive Linguistics 22:25-54.
Hurford, James R. 1994. Grammar. A students guide. Cambridge: CUP.
Kelly, Michael H. 1992. Using sound to solve syntactic problems: the role of phonology in grammatical category
assignments. Psychological Review 99:349-364.
Kelly, Michael 1996. The role of phonology in grammatical category assignment. In James L. Morgan and Katherine
Demuth (eds.), From signal to syntax, 249-262. Hillsdale:Erlbaum.
Miller, Jim. 2008. An introduction to English syntax. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Siewierska, Anna & Willem Hollmann. 2007. Ditransitive clauses in English with special reference to Lancashire dialect.
In Mike Hannay and Gerard J. Steen (eds.), Structural-functional studies in English grammar, 83-102.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. available for download from my personal web page
Wong, May Lai-Yin. 2009. Concord Patterns with Collective Nouns in Hong Kong English. With Illustrative Material
from the International Corpus of English (Hong Kong Component). Linguistik online 37:59-68. available for
download at http://www.linguistik-online.de/37_09/wong.pdf