Currently, the Australian Parliament is considering a bill that will require telecommunications providers to track and store metadata from all users in Australia. In its current proposed form, the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 requires all Australian telecommunications companies to store user’s phone, email and internet metadata for a period of two years. There is strong support from the government for this bill, in particular from law enforcement, who argue that it is necessary for counter-terrorism as well as to combat increasingly sophisticated criminal networks. There is also significant criticism of this proposed legislation, however. Nevertheless, it is almost certain that this bill with pass in some form.Write an essay that addresses the following questions:1. As of the writing of the essay, what is the status of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014? Has it become law? If so, what are the basic elements of the law? If not, what does it say in its current proposed form?2. What are the basic arguments in favour of such a law? What are the major criticisms?a. Here you might look at other countries that have or are proposing such laws as well.3. In your estimation, should this law be passed? Why or why not? In your answer, you might consider the following (these are suggestions, not requirements):a. Is the law likely to be effective? Why or why not?b. What are the implications for civil liberties and the use of electronic surveillance in a democratic society?c. What possible unintended consequences might arise from the passing of such a law?4. What sociological or criminological theories best support your argument. Why?
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