According to the Australian Institute of Criminology, “In the past 10 years, the rate of prisoners has increased overall by 10 percent, rising from 152 per 100,000 population in 2002 to 167 in 2012.” More recent figures put this rate at 187 per 100,000 in 2014. Yet during the same time, violent and property crime rates have fallen.Write an essay that seeks to explain this apparent disparity between rising prison rates and falling crime rates.In particular, address the following questions:1) What have been the general trends in incarceration and crime trends since the early 2000s?2) What, in your estimation, are the best explanations as to why prison rates are increasing while crime is decreasing?3) Which sociological or criminological theories best explain this apparent disparity, and why?4) What are the social implications of these trends in terms of criminal justice policies and other social polices related to addressing the causes of criminal offending?
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